As is expected, Jozef is a dynamic character. The reader sees Josef's transformation from a naive, starry-eyed soldier to a disillusioned veteran. His change is certainly convincing. He is capable of change since he is young, even enlisting underage. His wartime experiences certainly provide him with motivation to change, and he has sufficient time to change because he spends 2 1/2 years as a soldier/prisoner-of-war. Josef's conversations with Banquo show him learning that "'life itself may prove to be the most worthy struggle. . . .it cannot be seen, planned, or even known. It is simply lived" (144). Likewise, Josef's encounter with a Gypsy girl as he makes his way home after the war clearly shows the extent of his maturation: for example, he discards the "mistrust [of Roma] around which [he] had been raised" (152).
Besides being a coming-of-age book, The Sojourn is also a World War I novel in the vein of All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque and The Wars by Timothy Findley. In its insight into the mind of a sniper, it is very reminiscent of Three Day Road by Joseph Boyden about two Cree men, best friends who enlist and become snipers in the battlefields of France and Belgium.
The book is also a love story, detailing the love between a father and son and between brothers. The bond that develops beween Josef and Zlee is delineated very clearly and, again, I could not but be reminded of the relationship between Xavier and Elijah in Three Day Road a book, like The Sojourn, based on the author's family history.
This book will certainly appeal to patriotic Americans in its endorsement of the American Dream. Ondrej Vinich unsuccessfully pursues the American Dream and returns to his homeland, but he continues to yearn for America, insisting that English be the only language spoken during their annual sojourns in the mountains with the sheep. Before his death, he leaves his son "everything [he] needed to leave Pastvina and go to the United States" (184). Jozef narrates the story from his home in Dardan, Pennsylvania, so one can assume that he succeeded where his father failed. In the end, Josef, like the Gypsy's child, is returned to his tribe who nurse and coddle him in the promise that he will become a king (180). He even refers to his time in Europe as a sojourn, a temporary stay in "'the ol' kawntree'" (190).
An aspect of the book that is problematic is sentence structure. The author has several very long sentences whose meaning is lost in verbosity. 100+-word sentences are not unusual, especially in the second section. These convoluted sentences, though grammatically correct, are clinical and dispassionate, and fail to emotionally convey the atrocities of war. The reader is also left to question some of the arcane diction as in "never did I sense any form of boredom or acedia" (99). With both a Masters and PhD, Andrew Krivak is certainly intelligent and well-educated, but the reader is sometimes left feeling that he is writing to impress. The language given to Josef, the narrator, seems inappropriate, even though, at the time of his telling his tale, he is a septuagenarian who has had ample time for learning.
The book is a worthwhile read, although I would not place it in the list of my all-time favourite reads.